You are to follow the same general route of
the Shiloh Military Trail Hike No. 1. The following instructions and
questions must be read and properly answered. You will be referred to the
Cannon Identification Chart (abbreviated C.I.C.) Learn to identify
the different types of cannons by practicing from memory before referring
to the chart.
The SHILOH ARTILLERY HIKE starts near the southwest corner of Shiloh National Military Park (by
Peach Orchard Restaurant - this located at the intersection of Tenn. Highways No.
22 and No. 142). See your map - proceed by hiking northeast
along the trace of a road (was part of Corinth - Pittsburg Landing Road
- this part
not closed to auto-traffic) Turn right (east) on to
Reconnoitering Road. At Peabody Road, turn right (southeast) and
proceed to Eastern Corinth Road. Turn right (south) and as you approach the
Gladden Mortuary Monument (No.5)(on your left) you will see two
guns (on your right) beside a blue plaque telling of Munch's
Minnesota Battery engaged here Sunday morning April 6, 1862. Note that the
barrels of these guns are similar shaped but one has a smooth bore and the
second has rifled bore. Using your C.I.C. you can identify them as being a
6 PDR. (smooth bore) and a 6 PDR. Rifle (rifled bore). FROM THIS
POSITION WHERE DID MUNCH'S BATTERY MOVE?
Go north on Eastern Corinth Road following
the Trail until you come to two guns (one on each side of the road) for
Robertson's Alabama Battery. Your C.I.C. shows that one is a 6 PDR. Rifle
and the other is a 12 PDR Howitzer. WHEN WAS ROBERTSON'S BATTERY IN
3A. DO NOT GO to Gen. Prentiss' Hdqs.,
but continue on Eastern Corinth Road to the intersection with Hamburg - Purdy Road. Turn
right and observe the two guns on the southeast corner beside a yellow
plaque (oval) for Terrill's Battery. These guns are Blakely's and they
were made in England for Confederate States. WHAT BATTERY DID
3B. WHAT TYPE BLAKELY GUNS ARE THESE?(See C.I.C.)
4A. Continue east on Hamburg - Purdy Road
short distance. On the left across from the Louisiana Monument you
will see three guns. WHEN WASHINGTON'S BATTERY WAS DISABLED AND
RETIRED FROM THE BATTLE THE SECOND DAY (Note red oval plaque) WHAT DID
|4B. One of these two guns is a
Blakely. WHAT TYPE IS IT?
|5. The next two guns you approach on
the left will be alongside the Tennessee McClung's Battery Plaque.
Both are the same type gun. WHAT KIND ARE THEY?
|Observe other guns you will hike by along
|6. South of the intersection with Hamburg - Savannah Road
you will see two guns for Mann's Missouri Battery. Both of
these are 14 PDR. James. FROM THIS POSITION WHERE DID THEY MOVE?
|7. A very short distance down the road
towards Hamburg (near the Tent Hospital Site No. 7) you will see two guns
beside a red plaque. This was the only battery from Georgia engaged in the
Battle of Shiloh. WHO COMMANDED THIS GEORGIA BATTERY?
|8. Just past the Johnston Mortuary
Monument you will see two guns on the right (east) beside and
Illinois Unit Monument, Chicago 1st Light Artillery, Battery A.
One of these pieces was actually used at Shiloh. This information was
engraved on the back of the barrel by Union Artillerymen. WHERE DID
THIS GUN SEE ACTION JUST BEFORE AND JUST AFTER THE BATTLE OF SHILOH?
|9. Just north of Bloody Pond and
south of the U.S. Artillery Monument are two guns beside Willard's
Illinois Battery plaque. One of these guns is and unusual one known as a
James 6 PDR. Smoothbore (from outer appearance I t appears to be a James
14 PDR.). WHAT TYPE GUN IS THE OTHER ONE LOCATED HERE? (Use
|10. Just north of Bloody Pond there is a monument erected to U.S. Army Artillery units at Shiloh. WHO
WAS THE CAPTAIN IN COMMAND OF THE 4TH U.S. ARTILLERY?
|11. On the south edge of Wicker Field
you will see several cannons (west of the road). The only battery from
Michigan (at Shiloh) saw action here before being captured later in the
day. WHO COMMANDED THIS MICHIGAN BATTERY?
|12. Hike to the northwest corner of
Wicker Field and locate Battery F Illinois Light Artillery. WHO WAS
THE CAPTAIN IN COMMAND OF THIS BATTERY?
|13. On the Alabama State Monument you will find information about batteries from Alabama. NAME THE
THREE CAPTAINS WHO COMMANDED THE THREE ALABAMA BATTERIES?
|14. Hike past the Alabama Monument and
turn east on Riverside Drive. You will see several cannons between you and
Gen. Hurlbut's Hdqs. Blue Plaques nearby tell about two Missouri Batteries
engaged here the first day of the Battle. WHO COMMANDED THESE
|15. Hike east along Riverside drive.
On your left you will pass the Kentucky State Marker . Read this
marker and find the name of the only battery from Kentucky that
participated in the Battle of Shiloh. WHAT WAS THE NAME OF THE
CAPTAIN WHO COMMANDED THIS KENTUCKY BATTERY?
|16. Hike down Riverside Drive past the
Indian Mounds to reach a plaque (near Dill Creek) giving
information about the Union gunboats. Tyler and Lexington, which saw
action here at Shiloh> WHAT WAS THEIR APPROXIMATE POSITION ON THE
TENNESSEE RIVER WHEN THEY WENT INTO ACTION?
|17A. At the Tennessee River Overlook there is an Ohio Unit Monument for the 8th Light
Artillery. WHO COMMANDED THIS BATTERY?
|17B. no question at this time
|18. In the National Cemetery
overlooking the Tennessee River you will find an unusual plaque painted
red and blue. It tells of a Confederate Battery that saw action here
several months before the Battle of Shiloh. WHO COMMANDED THIS
|19. As you leave the National Cemetery
thru the Main Entrance look to your left and across the road you will see
a line of different cannons. Look at all the guns here and read the
plaques on the posts by each gun. WHICH OF THESE GUNS - WHICH KING
HAS AN INSCRIPTION ON TOP OF THE BARREL STATING THAT THIS PARTICULAR GUN
| Now proceed to the Visitor's Center
and visit the Museum there.
|20. In the museum see the display
about cannons, cannonballs, etc. The two buckets in this display were used
by Civil War Artillerymen. WHAT WAS THE USE OF EACH OF THESE
| See the movie "SHILOH-PORTRAIT OF
A BATTLE" while at the Visitor's Center.
|THE UNIT LEADER SHOULD TURN IN PART B OF
THE YELLOW UNIT APPLICATION COMPLETELY FILLED IN, then sign the Visitors'
Register for his entire group.
|Now the Visitor's Center in positions
representing part of Grant's Last Line. Read all the plaques on the posts
giving information about the different guns.
|21. Locate the Illinois Unit Monument
for Battery H, 1st Light Artillery. WHAT ARE THE RANGES
FOR THE GUNS LOCATED ON EACH SIDE OF THIS MONUMENT?
|22. Locate a 10 PDR. Parrott gun. WHAT
INSCRIPTION IS SHOWN ON Its RIGHT TRUNNION?
|23. Locate the two Wiard guns in this
lineup. Read the plaques for each. WHAT WAS THE RANGE FOR EACH OF
THESE DIFFERENT SIZE WIARDS?
|24. Locate the Napoleon gun in this
line. WHEN WAS THIS GUN MADE? (See date found on face of muzzle). Proceed
west looking at guns here.
|25. In Grant's Last Line locate the
Illinois Unit Monument for the 2nd Reg't. Artillery,
Unassigned, Battery B. Just west of this Unit Monument are other guns in
Grant's Last Line. Note the earthwork. This is the only earthwork thrown
up on the field at Shiloh. Behind this earthwork is a blue plaque for
Schwartz's Battery. WHO WAS THE LT. IN CHARGE?
|26. Continue hiking to the Michigan
State Monument Read the information on this monument about
Michigan Artillery at Shiloh (Ross' Battery B). WHAT WAS THE
TOTAL NUMBER OF MEN LOST BY THIS BATTERY?
|27. Continue to the UDC Monument
Read the information on the plaques affixed to the back of the
monument. HOW MANY BATTERIES OF ARTILLERY DID THE CONFEDERACY HAVE
|28. As you stand facing the UDC
Monument note the two figures on the right; these two figures are featured
in the design on the Trail Medal. The soldier in front holding a rifle in
his hand represents the Infantry. The soldier behind him represents the
Artillery. WHAT DOES THE ARTILLERY MAN HOLD IN HIS RIGHT HAND?
|29. Continue the Trail to the center
of the Hornets' Nest. Locate some cannons beside a yellow oval
plaque. WHO COMMANDED THIS BATTERY?
|30. On the Arkansas Monument you will find information about batteries from Arkansas. WHICH
ARKANSAS BATTERY WAS ASSIGNED TO HARDEE'S CORPS?
|31. Continue across the road to the
Minnesota Monument The only unit from this state at Shiloh was
Munch's Battery. AFTER CAPTAIN MUNCH WAS WOUNDED WHO TOOK COMMAND OF
|32. Continue to Ruggles' Batteries.
Read the plaque about this location. HOW MANY ROUNDS COULD THE
COMBINED GUNS OF RUGGLES' BATTERY FIRE?
|33. Many of the cannons now located in
Ruggles' Batteries are rare Confederate made guns. Note the 2nd
and 3rd guns south from Corinth - Pittsburg Landing Road. Look at the
manufacturing information on the trunnion of the barrel. The
"TF" stands for "Tredegar Foundry" of Richmond, Va. WHEN
WERE THESE GUNS MADE?
| Continue the Trail along Ruggles'
Batteries. NOTE QUESTIONS 34-38 IN ADVANCE
|34. Locate two different size Wiard
guns side by side. WHEN WAS EACH MADE?
|35. The 6th gun south of Corinth - Pittsburg Landing Road
has an inscription on top of the barrel. WHAT TYPE
GUN IS THIS ONE?
|36. Locate the Louisiana Washington's
Battery plaque. WHAT TWO NEW ORLEANS FOUNDRIES MADE THE GUNS LOCATED
ON EACH SIDE OF THIS PLAQUE?
|37. Locate the Tennessee Bankhead's
Battery plaque. WHAT WAS THE NAME OF THE MEMPHIS FOUNDRY WHO MADE
THE GUNS LOCATED ON EACH SIDE OF THIS PLAQUE?
|38. Locate the only Napoleon gun in
this line. WHAT IS THE NUMBER ON THE GUNS CHASSEY?
|39. Continue the Trail to Corinth
Landing Road, hike east to read the
inscription on the north side of the Illinois Monumen telling
the number of units from Illinois present at Shiloh. HOW MANY
BATTERIES FROM ILLINOIS WERE ENGAGED AT SHILOH?
|40. Hike east along Corinth - Pittsburg Landing Road
from the Illinois Monument. When you reach the road that leads to Gen.
McClernand's Hdgs. Turn right (south) into the woods (not down the
road). Find the Illinois Unit Monument for McAllister's Battery D, 1st
Light Artillery. WHAT TYPE OF CANNON WITH THE LIFTING RING WON THE
BARREL IS LOCATED HERE? (USE YOUR C.I.C.)
|41. Return to the road and continue
the Trail to the Ohio Monument. Two guns are located beside a red
plaque for Cobb's Kentucky Battery at the fork of the roads. CHECK
THE BORES OF THESE GUNS, WHAT TYPE ARE THEY? (Use your C.I.C.)
|42. Continue Trail. On the northwest
corner of Hamburg - Purdy Road and Corinth - Pittsburg Landing Road (west of Raith Mortuary
Monument ) you will find another gun. It is located beside a blue
oval plaque for Mc Allister's Illinois Battery. WHAT TYPE IS IT?
|43. Across Hamburg - Purdy Road (southwest
corner of the intersection) is an Indiana Unit Monument for Morton's 6th
Battery. WHO WAS THE CAPTAIN IN COMMAND UNTIL HE WAS SHOT FROM HIS
HORSE AND KILLED?
|44. Continue south along Corinth - Pittsburg Landing Road
a short distance until you reach the next gun (a single 6 PDR.) on
your right (west side of the road). The Polk's Tennessee Battery
only had one gun and they soon lost this in Woolf Field. WHO WAS THE
CONFEDERATE BRIGADIER GEN. WOUNDED NEAR HERE IN COMMAND OF THIS BRIGADE?
|45. As the north edge of the Shiloh
Church Cemetery you will see two guns beside a red oval plaque. This tells
of the last Confederate action here. WHO COMMANDED THIS TENNESSEE
|46A. Continue on to Beauregard Road and
observe the line of cannons which mark the positions where Confederate
Artillery first went into action at the opening of the battle, April 6,
1862. On e of the batteries in this line was from Tennessee. WHO WAS
IN COMMAND OF THIS BATTERY?
|46B. WHAT KIND OF GUNS ARE BESIDE
THIS TENNESSEE BATTERY PLAQUE?
|Finish the Trail (See your map) by hiking
south along Corinth - Pittsburg Landing Road and back to reach your starting point and
hopefully you have enjoyed hiking the Shiloh Artillery Hike.